Treatment of Spondolylolithesis may vary widely depending on the type, severity and symptoms of the condition. Symptoms could range from a patient experiencing no pain, to mild or acute back, or leg pain, muscle spasms, tightening of the hamstrings, and or an abnormal gait or limp. Conservative treatment of Spondolylolithesis consists of activity modification accompanied with bed rest, pharmacological intervention by recommending anti-inflammatory or pain relieving medicines, physical therapy consultation and a chiropractic treatment. If the symptoms still persists after following the conservative treatment and mostly for severe and rare cases of Spondolylolithesis , surgical treatment may be the last option. Spinal surgery such as posterolateral fusion or spinal fusion (fusion in-situ) to directly repair the pars defect or for a slippage greater than 50% of the width of the adjacent vertebral body, and fusion with implants may be required to stop further slippage and provide relief from the symptoms. In some cases, fusion with decompression also called a laminectomy may be suggested.
The following factors places the person more prone to develop anterolisthesis compared to others”